1. The maintenance instruction
2. Maintenance service
3. Engines
4. Fuel system
5. Systems of greasing, cooling
6. Release system
7. Coupling
8. Transmissions
    8.1. A mechanical transmission
      8.1.1. A technical characteristics
      8.1.2. Oil replacement in a transmission
      8.1.3. Adjustment of draught of a gear change
      8.1.4. The gear change lever
      8.1.5. Draught of a gear change
      8.1.6. A cable of blocking of inclusion of a reverse gear
      8.1.7. Sealing rings
      8.1.8. The switch of a lantern of a backing
      8.1.9. A speedometer drive
      8.1.10. Removal and transmission installation
      8.1.11. Transmission dismantling
      8.1.12. Differential repair
      8.1.13. Repair of a primary shaft
      8.1.14. Repair of a secondary shaft
      8.1.15. Transmission assemblage
      8.1.16. Definition of a tightness of the conic bearing of a primary shaft
      8.1.17. The strengthened sealing rings
      8.1.18. Distinctive features of a drive 4 х 4
      8.1.19. A distributing box of system of a drive 4 х 4
    8.2. An automatic transmission
9. Power shafts
10. A steering
11. Suspension brackets
12. Brake system
13. A body
14. An electric equipment

8. Transmissions

8.1. A mechanical transmission

The transmission of type ВЕ is placed in картере from an aluminium alloy and attached to the left end of the engine. It consists of a transmission, the main transfer and differential. The transmission has five synchronised transfers for advance and one transfer of a backing. Carter of a transmission consists their three parts made of moulding under pressure from an alloy of aluminium. On cars two types of a mechanical transmission are established. Both types of a transmission are similar and work as follows.

The twisting moment from a cranked shaft of the engine is transferred through coupling to a primary shaft of a transmission on which the coupling disk is established. The primary shaft is established on ball bearings. Further the twisting moment is transferred to the secondary shaft which right end is established on the roller bearing, and left – on ball. From a secondary shaft the twisting moment is transferred to differential and to power shafts. In neutral position a primary shaft and gear wheels of a secondary shaft rotate freely and do not transfer a twisting moment to differential.

Synchronisation of 1 and 2 transfers occurs on secondary to a shaft, and synchronisation 3, 4 and 5 transfers – on primary to a shaft. Synchronizers New Process are applied. Pig-iron plugs have on basic surfaces молибденовое a covering (plugs of 5 transfers are made of bronze).

The gear change mechanism is put in action by the lever located on a floor of the car. The gear change mechanism moves a corresponding plug which moves the synchronizer and provides rigid connection of a gear wheel of a secondary shaft with secondary shaft.

The differential – classical type, has two satellites and two semiaxial gear wheels. The differential case is made of spheroidal pig-iron. Rings of sliding of satellites are made of the polyamide sated with dioxide of molybdenum.